Delhi is the capital of India since old times. Delhi's history dates back to the first millenium BC, when it was known as Indraprastha. The Tomar Rajputs built Lal Kot, the core of the first of Delhi's seven cities. It is the epicenter of the nation's politics, economy and culture. History is alive and throbbing in Delhi, the capital of India. It is often said that the history of India is the history of Delhi. New Delhi, the capital of India, has always occupied a strategic position in the country's history, as Hindu and Islamic dynasties have ruled from here, leaving their imprint in the form of relics, which recapture those bygonetimes. Delhi, is today, one of the fastest growing cities of India.
One of the most fascinating aspects of Delhi is the "visibility" of its historic past. Were it not for the demands of urbanization, large portions of the city could well be earmarked as archaeological parks. This is because the rulers of successive dynasties between the 13th and the 17th centuries established seven cities in different parts of Delhi. A chronological review of these cities fortunately also serves as a suitable itinerary for tourists and highlights the important monuments amongst the 1300 officially listed.
Jantar Mantar is an astronomical observatory with masonry instruments, built in 1724 by Jai Singh, the mathematician and astronomer king. The Samrat or Yantra supreme - the largest structure shaped like a right-angled triangle, is actually a huge sun-dial; the other five instruments are intended to show the movements of the sun, moon, etc.
Under patronage from the emperor, he set on himself the task of correcting the existing astronomical tables and updating the almanac with more reliable instruments. Delhi's Jantar Mantar is the first of the five observatories that he built with large masonary instruments.
The observatory has the Samrat Yantra, a simple equal hour sun dial, the Ram yantra for reading altitudinal angles; Jai Prakash for ascertaining the position of the sun and other celestial bodies, and the Misra Yantra which is a combination of four scientific gadgets.
Jama Masjid is the largest mosque in India, and stands across the road from the Red Fort. Built in 1656, it is an eloquent reminder of the Mughal religious fervour. Its spacious courtyard holds thousands of the faithful who offer prayers.
A fine example of Mughal architecture, the Jama Masjid has three gateways. The largest and highest on the east was reserve exclusively for the emperor. The main courtyard of the emperor. The main courtyard of the mosque is 408 square feet and paved with red stone. In the centre is a large marble tank in which the devout wash before attending prayers.
The main mosque is crowned by three onion shaped domes made of white marble and inlaid with stripes of black slate. On the north and south of the complex are two 130 feet high minarets which offer a spectacular bird's eye-view of the city. Jama Masjid is not only architecturally beautiful, but also a place of great religious significance as it houses a hair from the beard of the Prophet and also a chapter of the Holy Quran written by him.
India Gate is a majestic high arch, 42 meters high, built as a memorial to the Indian soldiers killed in the World War I. Beneath it burns an eternal flame. From the base of the arch one can get a good view of the Rashtrapati Bhavan.
Located on Rajpath, the road which leads to the magnificent Rashtrapati Bhawan, the gate is 160 feet high with an arch of 138 feet.
Built as a memorial to commemorate the 70,000 India soldiers killed in World War I, India Gate was designed by Sir Edwin Lutyens and completed in 1931.
Built from sandstone, the arch also houses the Eternal Flame, a gesture in memory of the Indian soldiers who laid their lives in the 1971 war with Pakistan.
It is the nerve centre of commercial activity. The narrow lanes have kept alive the traditional workmanship which makes Delhi famous. A market place right from the times of Mugals, this market still hosts the decendants of royal chefs as also the famous Chudiwali gali and the parathe wali gali. Spend the most enjoyable evening in the Chandni Chowk!
The favourite daughter of Shahjahan, Jahanara laid the foundation of today Chandni Chowk which is the largest trading centre of North India. Also known as the moonlit square, it is located in the the main street of Old Delhi. Situated opposite the Red Fort, the bazaar has several galis (lanes).
Each of these galis represent a speciality of this market, for example the parathawali gali famous for it's parathas. Similarly there is the jewellery lane, textile lane and so on. The market place has historical land marks like- The Sunheri Masjid which stands next to the Kotwali (old police station). The Fatehpur Mosque, is located at the west end of Chandni Chowk and the famous Jumma Masjid is also situated nearby.
Purana Quila, the old fort.The fort was built by the great Afghan ruler Sher Shah Suri in the 16th century A.D. aptly on the banks of the river Yamuna. Now Boating facilites are available here. A Sound and Light Show depicting 5000 years of Delhi’s past is held by Delhi Tourism every evening both in Hindi and English.
The wall was built by Humayun while the buildings in the fort are attributed to Sher Shar. The notable buildings that have survived in the fort are the Sher Mandal and the Quila-I-kholina Mosque. Sher Mandal is a two storeyed octagonal tower which was used by Humayun as his library. The mosque, built around 1541-42, is a landmark in Indo Islamic architecture.
The architect has shown skill by enriching each part with moulding, bracketed openings, marble inlay, carving and other establishments. A variety of materials have also been used to construct the small mosque (168 x 44 feet). The entrance arch is of marble, the spandrels of red sandstone studded with marble bossed, the columns and pilasters of black and white marble.
The Qutub Minar made of red sandstone rising to the height of 72.5mts is an architectural marvel of the 13th century. Also a must is the visit to Ashoka Pillar dating back to the 5th century. Though made of iron it has with stood the weathers of time.A very interesting belief is assigned to this pillar- Stand with your back to the pillar, and if you can hold your hands around it, then make a wish and it will surely come true. Try it.
Qutab-ud-din Aibak, the first Muslim ruler of Delhi, commenced the construction of the Qutab Minar in 1200 AD, but could only finish the basement. His successor, Iltutmush, added three more storeys, and in 1368, Firoz Shah Tughlak constructed the fifth and the last storey. The development of architectural styles from Aibak to Tughlak are quite evident in the minar. The relief work and even the materials used for construction differ.
Delhi's most magnificent monument, the Red Fort, was built by Emperor Shah Jehan, in 1638 A.D. Enclosed in this glorious Fort is Diwan-i-am, the hall meant for public audiences; Diwan-i-Khas, where private audiences were granted; Rang Mahal, the water cooled apartment of the royal ladies; the Pearl Mosque, a lovely, ornate dream in white marble.The Prime Minister of India addresses the nation from this age old Fort, on the auspicious day of India’s Independance.
Red Fort is one of the most magnificent palaces in the world. India's history is also closely linked with this fort. It was frorth here ht the British deposed the last Mughal ruler, Bhadur Shah Zafar, marking the end of the three century long Mughal rule. It was also fromits ramparts that the first prime. Minister of India, pandit Jawharlal Nehru, announced to the nation that India was free form colonial rule.
The mughal emperor, Shah Jahan, after ruling from Agra for eleven years, decided to shift to Delhi and laid the foundation stone of the Red Fort in 1618. For its inauguration in 1647, the main halls of the palace were draped in rich tapestry and covered with silk from china and velvet from Turkey. With a circumference of almost one and a half miles, the fort is an irregular octagon and has two entrances, the Lahore and Delhi Gates.
Form the Lahore Gate, a visitor has access to the Chatta Chowk (vaulted arcade ) which as once a royal market and housed court jewelers, miniature painters carpet manufacturers, workers in enamel, silk weavers and families of specialized craftsmen. The road from the royal market leads to the Nawabarkhana (band house) where the royal band played five times a day. The band house also marks the entry into the main palace and all visitors, except royalty had to dismount here.
A visit to Delhi would be incomplete without a trip to Chandini Chowk. A very well known market, this was once visited by merchants from Turkey, China and even Holland.
Chandni Chowk – ‘the moonlit square'. A boisterous arena of merchandise competition, Chandni Chowk is a must for the tourists. Commanding major tourist attraction, Chandni Chowk offers tourists very good bargains on electronic goods, cloth and jewelry. The traditional has given way to the contemporary merchant.
Location :: 10 km from international airport, 7 km from domestic airport and 7 km from city centre.
Rooms :: 422, Single: 7, Double: 375, Suites: 40.
Room Facilities :: All rooms elegantly appointed with in room fax, with data ports for PCs and modems, speaker phone with international direct dial facility and voice mail, mini bar, channel music, colour television with satellite programmes, 24 hours room service and laundry service.
Other Facilities :: 24 hours Business centre, fully equipped with 1 office room, and 3 meeting rooms. Internet connectivity, Sprint Mail, work stations, multimedia computers, laptops and cellphones.
Details :: Situated amidst 6 acres of landscaped greenery, Taj Palace Hotel offers convenience and gentle ambience. Hotel rooms offer 421 specially decorated rooms and suites that also included Deluxe rooms, superior rooms, Taj Club Rooms and different varities of suites.
Location :: Location: 15 kms from Airport, 9 kms from Railway Station.
Rooms :: 571 A/C rooms.
Room Facilities :: Room Service, H/C Running Water, Telephone, TV Channel Music.
Other Facilities :: Business Centre, Separate Executive Floor, Executive Lounge, Banquet & Conference facilites, Beauty Parlour, Shopping Arcade, Health Club, Swimming Pool, Tennis, Golf, Billiards Room, Airlines Counter, Travel & Tours, Barbeq shop, etc.
Details :: Providing the guests of the hotel with luxury that is synonymous with perfect satisfaction for them, the Ashok Hotel, Delhi is one of the best known five star hotels in Delhi.
Location :: 10 kms from Domestic Airport, 19 kms. from International Airport, 4 kms. from Railway Station.
Rooms :: 98, Double: 72, Suites: 2, Club Royal Rooms: 24.
Room Facilities :: 24 hrs. room service, H/C running water, Direct Dial Telephone, Fax on Demand, Satelite TV, Safe Deposit lockers, Multi-channel Music, Hair Dryer, Mini-fridge, Valet Service.
Other Facilities :: Business Centre, Seperate Executive Floor, Executive Lounge, Banquet & Conference facilites, Beauty Parlour, Shopping Arcade, Health Club, Outdoor Swimming Pool.
Details :: The newly upgraded Jaypee Siddharth is a five star business hotel in Delhi. It’s elegant interiors, new rooms and all new Food & Beverage options are an exciting and wondrful change for regular customers and a delight for first time visitors to this hotel. 19 Kms. from International Airport, 10 Kms. from Domestic Airport, 04 Kms. from Railway Station, & 04 Kms. from Connaught Place.
Location :: 18 km from international airport, 12 km from domestic airport, 18 km from city centre and New Delhi Railway Station.
Nelson Mandela Road, Vasant Kunj Phase II, New Delhi - 110 070.
Rooms :: 390 - Single: 328, Double: 37, Suites: 25 Air Conditioned.
Room Facilities :: 24 Hrs. Room Service, 3 Telephones, Satellite T.V., Inroom safe, Dataports, Unique Bathrooms.
Other Facilities :: Conference and Banquet Facilities with a domed ceiling with a large outdoor terrace, state of the art multi-media equipment, elegant Drawing Room, Boad Room, Room Service, Travel Desk, Currency Exchange, Secretarial Services, Technology Concierge, Shopping Arcade and under-ground car parking.
Details :: A business hotel with world-class facilities located within 10 acres of landscaped gardens in an environmentally protected area. Only a short drive from the city's business centres and conveniently close to the international and domestic airports.
Location :: 2 Kms. from New Delhi Station, Connaught Place and 15 Kms. from Interantional Airport in busy shopping district of Karol Bagh.
Rooms :: 24 Rooms.
Room Facilities :: Air-conditioned rooms with attached bath, hot and cold running water, direct dial telephones, colour Television with satellite channels, fridge, 24 hours room service.
Other Facilities :: Other facilities include a multi-cuisine restaurant, arrangements for Parties, meeting, Travel Assistance, laundry, inter-net and fax.
Details :: Surya Shelter provides you high standards of facilities and services, including a modern business center, coupled with a fine restaurant and convenient location near the city center.
Location :: 20 kms from Airport,2 kms. from Railway Station.
Janpath Hotel,Janpath,New Delhi-110001
Rooms :: 213, Double:197, Suites:16
Room Facilities :: Room Service,H/C running water,Telephone,T.V.,Channel Music,Safe Deposit with Cashier.
Other Facilities :: Business Center,Banquet & Conference Facilities,Beauty Parlour,Shopping Arcade.
Details :: Janpath Hotel is a combine of Ashok Group of Hotels. Hotel is opportunely located from Airport, New Delhi Railway Station and Connaught Place. Hotel Janpath offers elegantly prearranged rooms with all the modern amenities.
Location :: 20 kms from Airport,2 kms. from Railway Station.
The Connaught, 37, Shaheed Bhagat Singh Marg, New Delhi-110001.
Rooms :: 80, Single:30, Double:42, Suites:8
Room Facilities :: Room Service, H/C running water, Telephone,T.V., Channel Music
Other Facilities :: Banquet & Conference Facilities, Shopping Arcade
Details :: A Centrally Located in Business District Of New Delhi, Adjacent to famous hockey stadium & very near to famous shopping Mall - Connaught Place.
Location :: 24 kms from Airport,4 kms. from Railway Station.
The Oberoi Maidens, 7, Sham Nath Marg, New Delhi-110054.
Rooms :: 54, Single: 3, Double: 47, Suites:4;
Room Facilities :: Room Service, H/C running water, Telephone, T.V., Channel Music, Fax, Safe Deposit, Tea/Coffee maker
Other Facilities :: Banquet & Conference Facilities, Swimming Pool, Tennis
Details :: The Oberoi Maidens has retained its old world charm down the years. The setting of many a historic event, The Oberoi Maidens played host to the late Duke of Windsor in 1927, when a ball was held in his honour.
Location :: 20 Kms. from International Airport, 2 Kms. from New Delhi Railway Station.
13, Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi - 110 001.
Rooms :: 60 - Double: 58, Suites: 2.
Room Facilities :: Attached bath & shower, mini fridge in each room, direct dialing telephone, 3 channel music, individual controlled airconditioning, colour TV with in-house and satellite channels.
Other Facilities :: Business Centre with secretarial services, front lawns, Banquet, Conference and Meeting room, Car Parking, Travel Assistance and Currency Exchange. All major credit cards accepted. Indian, Continental, Mughlai, Kanchi, South Indian Cuisine.
Details :: The stately facade with shades of British Architecture Becokns you to world combining efficiency with comfort together with the facilities it offers.
Location :: 6 Kms from Domestic & 12 kms. from International Airport, 14 kms from Railway Station.tion. & 6 kms. from Bus Stand.
Continental, Chinese, Indian.
Rooms :: 218 rooms
Room Facilities :: 123 A/C rooms, Double: 84, Suites: 11.
Other Facilities :: Banquet & Conference facilites, Shopping Arcade, Travel Counter, Outdoor Swimming Pool, Health & Fitness Centre, Beauty parlour & Barber shop
Details :: Hotel Vasant Continental unfolds the finest life style experiences for you. An Exquiste blend of business and pleasure . It's perfect place to comfort, relax or pamper your senses.